M. C. Escher (1898–1972) was a Dutch graphic artist who made some of the most iconic prints of the twentieth century. His early life was spent in Italy, where he traveled extensively, drawing from nature and perfecting his technique. Escher and his family left Italy in 1935 due to the rise of fascism. This marked a shift in focus for the artist, from the external world to his inner, imaginary world. From this point he used his refined skills to explore the mysterious and paradoxical nature of space, time and human perception. His tessellations, optical illusions, impossible inventions and representations of infinity are at once serious and playful, and continue to inspire audiences of all ages.